Collaboration and Modeling: Reconsidering "Non-Directive" Orthodoxy in Clinical Legal Education


Clinical legal education scholarship has primarily emphasized “nondirective” supervision of law students by lawyer supervisors, although some scholars have contended that other supervision methods may be helpful for some students and a few have contended that the method of supervision was not critical to student learning. Externship supervision provides examples of a varied repertoire of supervision methods that may be applicable to on-campus clinics as well, depending on the educational goals of the clinic. Student views of the teaching value of supervision they experienced in externship at the author’s law school support the view that collaboration and modeling, as well as nondirective supervision, are effective at helping students assume and understand their professional roles as lawyers.


Legal Education | Legal Profession

Date of this Version

September 2005