Every Law Maintains an Important Fact: The Supreme Doctrine of the New Fourth Constitutional Epoch


John H. Ryskamp


Every law maintains an important fact: out of the political welter this doctrine has emerged as the supreme doctrine of the new fourth Constitutional epoch. It is widely understood that the scrutiny regime instituted by West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, is but one of three which have determined applications of the Constitution since its ratification. However, what is less widely known is that three recent cases illustrate how the third epoch has ended and the concerns of the new epoch. Currently the cases are litigated in terms of the meaning of, every, maintain and important.


Constitutional Law

Date of this Version

September 2006