The Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act and Its Implications for Private Military Companies


Private Military Companies (PMCs) are civilian staffed corporations that provide military (and law enforcement) services, logistics, and support under contract to a government both inside and outside the country’s borders. Prior to Congress passing the Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act, U.S. courts lacked jurisdiction to prosecute civilians accompanying United States’ Armed Forces overseas. This article will specifically address how the United States exercises jurisdiction and prosecutes the civilian employees of PMCs in United States courts for crimes they have committed in foreign countries while working under contract to the United States government.


Criminal Law | Criminal Procedure | Human Rights Law | International Law | Jurisdiction | Military, War, and Peace

Date of this Version

May 2006