On June 22, 2004, President Bush signed into law perhaps the most significant amendments to the U.S. antitrust statutes since the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976. These changes, enacted as H.R. 1086, will have substantial implications for several areas of antitrust enforcement. These include: • limiting potential civil actions against standard-setting organizations;increasing even further incentives for antitrust wrongdoers to participate in the Antitrust Division’s corporate leniency program; increasing criminal penalties for corporations and individuals; and enhancing judicial scrutiny of antitrust consent decrees.


Antitrust and Trade Regulation

Date of this Version

June 2004