Reproductive Justice and the Pace of Change: Socioeconomic Trends in US Infant Death Rates by Legal Status of Abortion, 1960-1980
US infant death rates for 1960 to 1980 declined most quickly in (1) 1970 to 1973 in states that legalized abortion in 1970, especially for infants in the lowest 3 income quintiles (annual percentage change = -11.6; 95% confidence interval = -18.7, -3.8), and (2) the mid-to-late 1960s, also in low income quintiles, for both Black and White infants, albeit unrelated to abortion laws. These results imply that research is warranted on whether currently rising restrictions on abortions may be affecting infant mortality.
Family Law | Health Law and Policy | Law | Law and Gender | Law and Society | Sexuality and the Law
Date of this Version
Nancy Krieger, Sofia Gruskin, Nakul Singh, Mathew Kiang, Jarvis Chen, Pamela Waterman, Jillian Gottlieb, Jason Beckfield, and Brent Coull, "Reproductive Justice and the Pace of Change: Socioeconomic Trends in US Infant Death Rates by Legal Status of Abortion, 1960-1980" (May 2015). University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series. Working Paper 163.