The high seas cover more than 50% of the planet’s surface. The last thirty years have seen unparalleled expansion of human activities and impacts on the oceans and on the high seas in particular. At the same time there is evidence of the impacts of the increased intensity of existing human activities; increases in maritime transportation, marine pollution, particularly from land based sources, such as garbage, as well as traditional fishing techniques. These issues, which affect waters both inside and outside national jurisdiction, pose governance issues. This chapter seeks to set out the key risks that high seas areas face, the plethora of bodies with regional and sectoral jurisdiction but also the lacunae – the regulatory and governance gaps that exist.
International Law | Law of the Sea
Date of this Version
David Freestone, "Problems of High Seas Governance" (October 2009). University of New South Wales Faculty of Law Research Series 2009. Working Paper 43.